Few illustrations of the General are available. Here is one of the lesser
known paintings. It shows the General in younger years in his hussar uniform. The bottom painting shows the General in later years,
probaly in Brunswick.
Baron Friedrich Adolf Riedesel was born on June 3, 1738 in Lauterbach. He began his military career at a very young
age in the army of the Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel and received his military experience in
the Seven Years War in Europe. He distinguished himself in the service of the Landgrave of
Hessen-Kassel, and because of this he soon was assigned to the headquarters of the commander
of the allied army in Germany, Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick. There he took service with the
Brunswick army. It was there that he first received his own command, a Brunswick Hussar Regiment.
In 1762 at the age of 24 he married Charlotte Massow at the headquarters of the Allied army
in northern Germany. After the war ended the Brunswick army was drastically reduced. The Carabinier
Regiment "Herzog Ludwig Ernst" was in 1768 reformed into a Dragoon Regiment. Obrist
Riedesel was appointed commander of the new Dragoon Regiment "Herzog Ludwig Ernst."
Duke Ludwig Ernst remained as Chief of the unit. For the campaign in North America General
Riedesel received his own infantry regiment. General Riedesel was a well liked as a leader
by his troops, because he looked after the welfare of his men. He also made sure that the
inhabitants did not suffer under the military. After the defeat at Saratoga in 1777 the
General, his family and his troops were in prison camp. First in Boston and then in
Charlottesville Virginia. Because of health reasons he was finally exchanged in 1780 and
moved to New York City. He arrived back in Canada in 1781 were he took over the command of his troops.
A new headquarter was erected in the city of Sorel and it was here that the first Christmas-tree
in Canada was lit. After the war he and his family moved back to Brunswick. He was promoted to
Lieutenant-General in July 1786 and was made city-commander. He died in Brunswick January 6, 1800.